- Empiricism is the view that:
- Important truths about the world can only be established by a posteriori reasoning, on the basis of experience.
- The British Empiricists, Locke, Berkeley, and Hume, began their inquiries by introspection, formulating principles governing the mind’s operation.
- But they ended up with very different views:
- Locke: Modified Common Sense, the modification opening the door for the more radical views of Berkeley, Hume, and Kant
- Berkeley: Idealism, that only minds and ideas exist
- Hume: Skepticism, that no rational basis exists for believing there are physical objects.