Completeness and Measurement

Back to Quantum Mechanics

Completeness Question

  • The predictions of Quantum Mechanics are probabilities
    • Versus the deterministic predictions of Classical Physics 
  • The question
    • Does the probabilistic nature of the predictions result from not knowing all the variables or from real chance in nature?
  • Einstein argued that Quantum Mechanics was incomplete:
    •  “I, at any rate, am convinced that He does not play dice.”

Measurement Question

  • Three postulates of Quantum Mechanics explicitly use the undefined term measurement
    • Time Evolution, Prediction, Collapse
    • (The postulates of Classical Physics do not use the term.)
  • What constitutes a measurement and when precisely does a measurement take place?
    • Does measurement require a conscious observer?
    • Does measurement involve the interaction between the subatomic world and the world of everyday objects?